Special relativity in the farreaching theory of special relativity of einstein, the homogeneity and isotropy of the 3dimensional space are generalized to include the time dimension as well. This book is specifically for understanding special relativity in depth and its extension to general relativity. Basics of special theory of relativity bsc lectures by. Carroll 1 special relativity and flat spacetime we will begin with a whirlwind tour of special relativity sr and life in. Under galilean transformation, michelsonmorley experiment, postulates of the special theory of relativity, lorentz transformation. Resnick is a well renowned by his physics book volumes in collaboration with halliday. Individual chapters and problem sheets are available below. Notes from professor leonard susskind video lectures publicly available on youtube. In this course we will seek to understand einstein, especially focusing on the special theory of relativity that albert einstein, as a twentysix year old. The point will be both to recall what sr is all about, and to introduce tensors and related. Invariance and discusses inertial reference frames and simultaneity. The classic introduction to all branches of physics. General relativity fall, 2012 the theoretical minimum. You may copy it, give it away or reuse it under the terms of the project gutenberg license included with this ebook or online at.
It uses encapsulated postscript versions of many wikimedia commons diagrams, using their. December 1997 lecture notes on general relativity sean m. Wolfgang rindler introduction to special relativity. The lecture notes on special relativity have been put together in one pdf file here. It is the purpose of this book to provide an introduction to the special theory of relativity which is accessible to any stu dent who has had an introduction to general physics and some slight acquaintance with the calculus. The idea that a principle of relativity applies to the properties of the physical. In 1905, while only twentysix years old, albert einstein published on the electrodynamics of moving bodies and effectively extended classical laws of relativity to all laws of physics, even.
Title wolfgang rindler introduction to special relativity author. Basics of special theory of relativity bsc lectures by prof. This is the first of a series of lectures on relativity. This site is based on a series of lectures i give as part of the course physics 2074 highlights on contemporary physics every fall semester. Given this topic, the presentation of the theories will be, in a mathematical sense, pretty super. In the rst part we discuss special relativity, focusing on the reexamination of the structure of time and space. The problem with light maxwells equations in free space are and. These postulates cannot be satisfied using the galilean equations. If you have hoped to understand the physics of lorentz contraction, time dilation, the twin paradox, and emc2, youre in the right place.
A mathematical analysis of all these itself is a very rich experience. Special relativity and electrodynamics spring, 2012. All the lectures on special relativity have been translated into german by christoph scholz, who teaches high school physics pupils aged 1019 in hagen, germany. Special relativityintroduction wikibooks, open books for. Maxwells theory, as well as the galilean and lorentz transformations are also discussed. Special relativity and electrodynamics spring, 2012 in 1905, while only twentysix years old, albert einstein published on the electrodynamics of moving bodies and effectively extended classical laws of relativity to all laws of physics, even electrodynamics. Astr 160 lecture 11 special and general relativity cont. The book offers a logical development of special relativity from einsteins principle of relativity alone. Perhaps a little demanding to begin with, but well worth. The special and the general theory, by albert einstein this ebook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. This site is like a library, use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want. It is in pdf format for convenient viewing as a fullscreen, structured presentation in a classroom. Special relativity and electrodynamics spring, 2012 the.
What is unique about these three theories, as distinct from say the theory of electromagnetism, is their generality. In this course, we will take a close look at the special theory of relativity and also at classical field theory. First discussion of minkowski diagrams, world lines. The point will just be to present enough material for you to understand why the theories seem to lead to the paradoxes they do.
Special relativity einstein 1905 based on two postulates. Special relativity and steps towards general relativity course. These principles, and their consequences constitute the special theory of relativity. The lecture begins with a historical overview and goes into problems that aim to describe a single event as seen by two independent observers. A visual demonstration shows how spacetime undergoes curvature when mass is introduced. Lecture notes on special relativity department of physics.
Relativity both the special and general theories, quantum mechanics, and thermodynamics are the three major theories on which modern physics is based. Cresser, department of physics, macquarie university. It is perhaps a little unfortunate that the word relativity immediately conjures up thoughts about the work of einstein. The speed of light is independent of the motion of the light source or observer. Particle physics aims to study structure of space, time and matter at its most fundamental.
Phys 200 lecture 12 introduction to relativity open. Fundamental laws of physics are identical for any two observers in uniform relative motion. Dynamics and relativity by stephen siklos, cambridge. The eulerlagrange equations and constants of the motion.
Special relativity is relevant in physics when the speed of an object is less than, but of the same order of. This chapter is concerned with the special theory of relativity, which dates from 1905. In special relativity, the transformation group is what one could call the \velocity transformations, or lorentz transformations. This set of lecture notes is based principally upon material drawn from these sources. Special relativity lectures first year lectures michaelmas term dr. However, most of the course content was conveyed directly through the lectures. Documents and settingsphilip harrismy documentsteaching. Optional problems in the use of the calculus of variations as applied to lagragian mechanics and other problems in the extremization of path integrals. Special relativity and classical field theory not even wrong. The present one will be a slightly advanced version of this topic.
Inertial and noninertial frames, invariance of newtons laws under galilean transformation, newtonian relativity, maxwells equations. Einstein and inside relativity by mook and vargish as supplemental reading. Much of the material is at a level suitable for high school students who have had advanced placement in physics and. Knuteson wishes to acknowledge that this course was originally designed and taught by prof. Lecture notes relativity physics mit opencourseware. Special relativity quantum theory quantum mechanics quantummechanical theory of atoms chemical bonds and solidstate physics nuclear physics particle physics special relativity 1. The modern philosophical objection to the spacetime of special relativity is that it acts on bodies without being acted upon, however, in general relativity spacetime is acted upon by its content. Lecture notes onclassical field theory janos polonyi department of physics, strasbourg university, strasbourg, france dated. Epgy special and general relativity, by gary oas 2 lecture 1. Embodied in these theories are general principles which all more specialized or. These lecture notes on general relativity intend to give an introduction to all aspects of einsteins theory. The lecture then moves to general relativity and how it encompasses newtons laws of gravity. The full set of lecture notes come in around 160 pages and can be downloaded here. Its entitled special relativity and classical field theory, and is in much the same successful style as the first two books.
Lecture notes on special relativity macquarie university. It is the set of linear transformations, x0 x4 1 l x 1. Later, einstein was able to further develop this theory, leading to what is known as the general theory of relativity. In 1905, while only twentysix years old, albert einstein. A basic course has already been given at this portal in hindi. Special relativity world scientific lecture notes in physics. Then, in spring 2000 i decided to type my lecture notes and distribute them to the class in order to provide more relevant reading materials. Professor susskind takes a close look at the special theory of relativity and also at classical field theory. Advanced course on special theory of relativity bsc.
General relativity gr is the most beautiful physical theory ever invented. The most straightforward way to explain what the theory of relativity is and how it relates to other areas of physics is in terms of geometry. The special theory of relativity from stanford university. He then derives the lorentz transformation of special relativity following the method in einsteins original paper check this, and introduces length contraction and time dilation, invariants, and space and time. The invariance of the speed of light that led einstein to propose a theory invariant under lorentz transformations instead of. In 1915 einstein published an additional theory, called the general theory of relativity. All laws of physics, including the statement that light travels at speed c, hold in any inertial coordinate system. Introduction to special relativity mit opencourseware. The spacetime structure embodied in the theory provides the foundation on which all branches of modern physics are formulated. Apr 26, 2012 in 1905, while only twentysix years old, albert einstein published on the electrodynamics of moving bodies and effectively extended classical laws of relativity to all laws of physics, even. This is an introductory course on newtonian mechanics and special relativity given to first year undergraduates.
General relativity is the geometric theory of gravitation published by albert einstein in 1916 and the current description of gravitation in modern physics. Special relativity practice problems a textbook based on this website is now available from cambridge university press. This course introduces the basic ideas and equations of einsteins special theory of relativity. This latter theory deals with the extension of the special theory to the case of the law of gravitation. Special relativity lecture notes special relativity practice problems. In cartesian coordinates pt, x,y,zq, the metric takes the most re.
General relativity generalises special relativity and newtons law of universal gravitation, providing a unified description of gravity as a geometric property of space and time, or spacetime. University lectures on special relativity macquarie university. April 9, 2012 in the first lecture of the series leonard susskind discusses the concepts that will be covered throughout the course. Furthermore, any coordinate system that is moving at xed velocity with respect to an inertial coordinate system is also inertial. An introduction to the special theory of relativity.
Lecture notes on general relativity matthiasblau albert einstein center for fundamental physics. Special relativityintroduction wikibooks, open books. Get this one only if you want a thorough gist of the concept and not only for problem solving purpose. Click download or read online button to get lecture notes on special relativity book now.
Special theory of relativity is a very fascinating subject and the results look like coming from some wonderland. Epgy special and general relativity, by gary oas special. Lecture notes on special relativity, prepared by j. This file is the special relativity lecture of the wikiversity. Nov 21, 2017 the modern philosophical objection to the spacetime of special relativity is that it acts on bodies without being acted upon, however, in general relativity spacetime is acted upon by its content.
They can be downloaded in pdf format at einsteindeutsch. Astr 160 lecture 11 special and general relativity. If you have any comments or questions on these lecture notes, please email them to takeuchiatvtdotedu. Nevertheless, it has a reputation of being extremely di. Class ends with a questionandanswer period on a variety of topics in special relativity.
Time dilation, length contraction, relativity of simultaneity, synchronization. In 1905, while only twentysix years old, albert einstein published on the electrodynamics of moving bodies and effectively extended classical laws of relativity to all laws of physics, even electrodynamics. Lecture notes on special relativity download ebook pdf. Einsteins postulates for the special theory of relativity. Epgy special and general relativity, by gary oas special and. For over 200 years the equations of motion enunciated by newton were. Welcome to the special relativity homepage at the department of physics, college of science, virginia tech. Let us start with the theory of special relativity.1068 1099 1446 52 610 184 751 846 121 1277 708 818 543 291 238 345 1386 313 1465 1405 1426 17 577 1559 1468 1177 58 1572 803 301 1350 908 683 1201 773 586 745